THOSE WERE THE DAYS.....
From the memory book of top premium brands
Alfa Romeo RL Targa Florio (1923)
The Alfa Romeo RL Targa Florio (1923) calls to mind Alfa Romeo's first victory at the legendary Targa Florio in Sicily, and marks the birth of the Quadrifoglio Verde as the symbol inextricably linked to the sporting success of Alfa Romeo. As a good luck charm, a four-leaf clover ("quadrifoglio") was painted to counter the racing number 13 assigned to Ugo Sivocci on the bonnet of the car he drove to victory.
The Museum's car has the original engine used in the competition in 1923: a 6 cylinder in line with 3154 cc and 95 HP, propelling the car to a top speed of 160 km/h.
1925 Alfa Romeo P2 (Gran Premio)
The 1925 P2 Gran Premio was the first Alfa Romeo with an 8-cylinder engine designed by Vittorio Jano and the first Alfa Romeo to win a World Title in 1925 with Brilli-Peri.
The P2's victories propelled Alfa Romeo into the pantheon of the most prestigious manufacturers, resulting in huge worldwide fame and opening its epic sporting period, a prelude to the success of the 1930s. The P2's eight cylinders in line result in a displacement of 1987 cc and power of 155 HP (175 in the latest version), taking the car to 225 km/h. The P2 made its début on the Cremona Circuit in 1924, a race which immediately demonstrated its superiority.
Alfa Romeo 8C 2300 "tipo Monza" (1931)
The Alfa Romeo 8C 2300 "tipo Monza" (1931) also displyed at Techno Classica was designed by Vittorio Jano and boasts an 8 cylinder in line engine - two 4-cylinder blocks united by a central gear train - supercharged via a lobed compressor (two in the subsequent version). An expression of Alfa's technical superiority in the first half of the 1930s, this power unit allowed the Quadrifoglio cars to acquire countless victories: 24 Hours of Le Mans, Targa Florio, Mille Miglia, Spa-Francorchamps 24 Hours, international Grands Prix.
The 8C 2300 won on its début at Monza - hence the name "tipo Monza" - and it is with just such a car that Tazio Nuvolari won the 1932 Monaco Grand Prix. The "8C" engine concludes its sporting career with success at the 1947 Mille Miglia (Alfa Romeo 8C 2900B Lungo).
Alfa Romeo Giulietta Sprint (1954, by Bertone)
The story of the Alfa Romeo Giulietta Sprint is quite unique. By definition coupe and spider sports car are derivatives of the “founding” type, typically a sedan in those years, and the new Alfa Romeo Coupé and Spider were planned to follow the launch of the “Berlina”. However the Giulietta was planned to launch at the Turin Motor Show in 1954 and that year ten new Giulietta (one for a every thousand subscribers) should have been delivered to the lucky owners of the bonds carrying the numbers drawn at a public ceremony.
When Alfa Romeo executives realized their “750-project” needed more development time, to avoid loosing face and credibility decided to accelerate the development and production of the coupé. They had planned to build two hundreds (five hundreds according to other sources) units overall. Touring and Zagato, the coachbuilders that were the “closest” to Alfa Romeo in those years, had no capacity available and it turned out that only Bertone would commit to design and build the car in time for March 19th, 1954, the opening day of the Turin Motor Show. That day the fortunes of Bertone (and of Alfa Romeo) took a new, fantastic, turn. Instead of 200 units in one years, Bertone built 27.142 units in 11 years.
Alfa Romeo Giulietta (Berlina, 1955)
From more recent times come the Giulietta berlina and and its spider derivative, both from 1955. In 1954 Alfa Romeo presented the Giulietta Sprint at the Turin Motor Show.
In the hands of champions, the Giulietta racked up the most coveted successes despite the fact that - as a slogan of the time sums it up - "even Mum drives it". It's the dawning of a new era, and Alfa Romeo is a forerunner in making "the pleasure of sports driving within the reach of all".
Alfa Romeo Giulietta Spider (1955)
In October of the same year debuted the Giulietta Spider, affectionately termed "la signorina" (yung lady) by Giovanni Battista "Pinin" Farina, who designed its sleek lines, thus creating its great personality. Built on the Sprint's floor panel, but with reduced wheelbase, the Giulietta Spider meets with international success. It is welcomed enthusiastically in the United States and the motoring press calls it "a splendid continuity of the Italian tradition of good taste that means you can pick out an Alfa Romeo from a thousand other cars at a glance".
Alfa Romeo Zagato TZ2
Audi Type C won the 1914 Alpine-Rally.
According to the maker, this Audi Type C won Austrian Alpine Rally for the third time in a row since the car developed by August Horch won the Rally in 1912. The famous race was the most demanding long-distance event in motorsport at that time. The Audi Type C was powered by a 35-horsepower engine and was credited of a top speed of 80 km/h.
This year again, Audi which has inherited the heritage of Auto Union and Horch, will take back to closed circuits the 1938 Auto Union Silver Arrow Type C from 1938. F1 champion Jacky Ickx will race it at the Grand Prix Historique in Monaco (May 9 – 11) and will also be making an appearnce at the Goodwood Festival of Speed, from June 26 – 29, in front of some 170,000 enthusiasts.
Audi Rallye quattro A2
Audi Rallye quattro A2, with which rally legend Stig Blomqvist became world champion in 1984 and also secured the Manufacturer’s World Championship for Audi
BMW 328 Mille-Miglia Touring Coupé
This BMW 328 Mille Miglia Touring Coupé (chosen to represent the brand at Techno Classica 2014) is an accurate replica that mimics the construction of the racing machine. A BMW like this stormed to a class victory and in fith place overall, in the Le Mans 24 Hours race 75 years ago.The drivers wer Max zu Schaumburg-Lippe and
Frtiz Hans Wenscher
BMW raced its production derived sports sedan and coupe through the 1970s and 80s with strong competitors such as the BMW 3.0 CSL and this first-generation BMW M3, developed for frantic action in the now world-famous DTM race series. Cars as the first generation M3 qualify for collectors as contemporary classics.
In 1999 BMW was back to overall victory at Le Mans with the BMW V12 LMR. Now a precious collector's item.
Lamborghini 350 GT (1964)
Lamborghini also celebrates the 50th anniversary since its first series production car came out the Sant’Agata factory: that was the Lamborghini 350 GT designed by Franco Scaglione as a further evolution of his stunning 350 GTV. The all-new supercar was powered by a 3.5 litre, 12-cylinder engine perfected by engineer Giotto Bizzarrini and credited of 280 hp.
Lamborghini 350 GT (1964)
The car came with aluminium body panels, four-wheel independent suspension and disc brakes on all four wheels: some models were equipped with a self-locking differential. By the end of 1966, 120 of these remarkable vehicles had been produced at Carrozzeria Touring. The final versions featured a 4-litre engine with the same power as the 3.5 litter power plant, but with greater torque. Carrozzeria Touring also produced two Spiders (350 GTS).
Lamborghini 350 GT (1964) with Lamborghini Jalpa (1981-88)
Mercedes-Benz 1928 SSK at Grossglockner
The SSK (model series W 06) is the most exclusive and fascinating of the six-cylinder supercharged sports cars belonging to the Mercedes-Benz S-Series. The model designation stands for “super-sports-short”, for its particularly sporty character and its shortened wheelbase. In the summer of 1928, Rudolf Caracciola won the Gabelbach, Schauinsland and Mont Ventoux races in the brand-new SSK at the first attempt. In 1930 and 1931, he won the European Hillclimbing Championship at the wheel of the SSK. The lighter and yet more powerful version from 1931, which was also known as the SSKL, also scored some spectacular victories, one of the most outstanding being in the legendary 1,000-mile “Mille Miglia” race: The arduous road race from Brescia to Rome and back was won by Rudolf Caracciola driving an SSKL in April 1931. He thus became the first non-Italian driver ever to win the race.
Mercedes-Benz W 125 @ 1937 Monaco Grand Prix
Monaco Grand Prix, August 8, 1937: Winner Manfred von Brauchitsch and runner-up Rudolf Caracciola in the Loews corner, both of them driving Mercedes-Benz W 125 formula racing cars.
The Mercedes-Benz W 125 was developed as the successor of the 12-Cylinder record car W 125 by a new team formed by Rudolf Uhlenhaut who chose a revolutionary chassis design principle had promoted a new 5.7 litres, eight-cylinder in-line engine with supercharger with the outstanding power of 592 hp (435 kW), or around 73 kW (99 hp). The top speed of the W 125 was around 320 km/h. The three cooling vents in its front section give the W 125 an unmistakeable look. The new Silver Arrow started off by winning the very first race it entered, the Tripoli Grand Prix (Libya), raced by Hermann Lang. With no less than seven victories, nine 2nd and six 3rd places it dominated the 1937 racing season, and Rudolf Caracciola went on to win the Grand Prix European Championship for the second time.
1952 Panamericana Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Roadster (W 194) Coupé and Roadster
Third Carrera Panamericana Mexico, 1952. Mercedes-Benz racing team, from the left: Hermann Lang, Erwin Grupp, Hans Klenk and Karl Klink in their Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Coupé (W 194), John Fitch and Eugen Geiger in their 1952 Panamericana Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Roadster (W 194) Coupé and Roadster
The new 300 SL racing sports car (W 194) made use of many existing components: axles, transmission, and the basic engine were taken from the Mercedes-Benz 300 (W 186) prestige saloon. Entirely new was an extremely lightweight yet highly torsionally rigid spaceframe, clad in an elegantly curved, streamlined bodywork made from aluminium-magnesium sheet metal. Since the spaceframe extends quite far up the sides, the W 194 could not be equipped with conventional doors – this is how the racing sports car got its characteristic gullwing doors, hinged at the roof. The car is powered by an M 194 125 kW (170 hp) in-line six-cylinder engine with a displacement of 2,996 cubic centimetres.
Mercedes-Benz 1954 W 196 R Gran Prix
At the 2013 Festival of Speed Bonhams auctioned off an original Mercedes-Benz W 196 R Grand Prix racing car for a record sum, the equivalent of US$ 31.6 million.
In 1954, Mercedes-Benz returned to Grand Prix with a completely newly developed racing car. The W 196 R complied with all the conditions of the new Grand Prix formula of the CSI (Commission Sportive Internationale): 750 cubic centimetres displacement with supercharger or 2,500 cubic centimetres without, no restrictions on fuel composition. From its 2,496 cubic centimetres displacement the W 196 R delivered 188 kW (256 hp) at 8,260 rpm in 1954 and 213 kW (290 hp) at 8,500 rpm in 1955
In the opening race, the French Grand Prix on 4 July 1954, Juan Manuel Fangio and Karl Kling drove W 196 R streamlined racing cars to a double victory. Fangio finished the season as World Champion. With a further improved version of the streamlined car he won the Italian Grand Prix in 1955 and by the end of the season he was again World Champion.
Stirling Moss with Denis Jenkinson Mercedes-Benz 1955 300 SLR winning the 1000 Miglia.
The Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR racing sports car (W 196 S) was basically a type W 196 R Formula 1 racing car with a two-seater sports car body. The main technical difference is to be found in the three-litre, eight cylinder in-line engine running on premium petrol rather than methanol-based racing fuel used for Gran Prix racing.
Its output, 222 kW (302 hp), and its durability and reliability made the 300 SLR far superior to its competitors of 1955, and the car was a clear winner at the Mille Miglia, the Eifel race, the Swedish Grand Prix, and the Targa Florio (Sicily). At the 1955 Mille Miglia, Stirling Moss and his co-driver Denis Jenkinson (start number 722) came in first with the average speed, unequalled to this day, of 157.65 km/h. The track record of this sports car remains unique: the W 196 S won every single race the Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR entered and finished.
Mini Cooper S (1964)
50 years ago, when this Mini Cooper S, driven by Irish driver Patrick Hopkirk, dashed to overall victory in the Monte Carlo Rally the team shocked the racing community that could hardly believe its eyes.
Mini Cooper S (1964)
However for the following three years the minimalist city car would come across through the finish line in the first place. Actually in 1966 three Mini Coopers, raced by Timo Makinen, Rauno Aaltonen and Paddy Hopkirk, finished in the top three spots, only to be disqualified (with other 7 competitors) because they used innovative iodine vapour, single filament, bulbs in their standard headlamps instead of double-filament dipping bulbs. A decision that suspiciously grated the victory to the French Citroen ID driven by Pauli Toivonen.
Mini Cooper S (1964)
This is why the Mini has credited of having the Monte-Carlo “only in 1964 1965 and 1967 (and loosing it on
the Jury decision 1966).
Rolls-Royce Silver Wraith
Charles Rolls and Henry Royce set the seal on their partnership at a meeting in Manchester 110 years ago. It was December 1904 when the company presented its production at the Paris Motor Show under the brand name Rolls-Royce for the first time. To represent the brand as the most iconic example of the founders’ “strive for perfection” commitment the British brand presented at Techno Classic this superb Rolls-Royce Silver Wraith, built after WW II, next to its ultimate Wraith.
Volkswagen Herbie Beetle.
Long before the successful “Cars” series were penned Walt Disney celebrated automobile as a top star in a series of picture movies. The subject he selected was a VW Beetle called Herbie. Herbie became a well-known character in the 60s. This Volkswagen 1200 Export ‘Herbie' from 1960 is a hit wherever Volkswagen Classic showcases it.
Volkswagen Salzburg Rallye Beetle.
Volkwagen is not forgettin the founding model of the company and celebrates its “Beetle” with a collection of “Kraftkäfer” (Power Beetles). That is with a display of seven “superb” Beetles from the incredible 21.5 million models built throughout its rich history. Among them a Beetle ‘Salzburg', a special version of a New Beetle RSi developed for rally-racing by Austrian sole importer “Porsche Salzburg Austria” it had twice the power of the original engine and a Porsche 914 5-speed transmission. Next to it sits the contenporary Volkswagen E-Bugster show-car.
Volkswagen Golf, 1974
Forty years ago, the first generation Golf marked the beginning of an impressive success story in the history of Volkwagen as the long expected heir to the Beetle. Now, with more than 30 million Golfs delivered world wide it is time for celebration. One of the early VW Golf, built in 1974 is on display at Techno Classica, courtesy of the AutoMuseum Volkswagen Foundation.
The foundation owns and manages the car museum in Wolfsburg's Dieselstrasse, situated to the east of the Autostadt, which showcases the entire product history of Volkswagen.